Drug Trafficking Laws And Penalties

Drug trafficking or distribution laws penalize the selling, transportation, and illegal import of unlawful controlled substances such as marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamines and some other illegal drugs. The punishment for drug trafficking can vary depending on several factors including the amount and type of drugs involved and geographic area or distribution. Drug trafficking is considered as a felony offense and is more serious than drug possession. Also, drug distribution applies to the illegal distribution of prescription drugs such as sleeping pills or pain killers. If you, a loved one or a friend have been convicted of this offense, go to http://angelsbailbonds.com/costa-mesa/ and look for possible solutions to avoid jail time.

These are the elements you must keep in mind when charged with drug trafficking offenses

Possession and intent

To be convicted of drug trafficking, the prosecutor must show that you possessed the required quantity of illegal drugs and that your possession was intentional. For example, you can’t be convicted of this crime if you rent a car, and then later you find a kilogram of cocaine hidden in the dashboard.


Drug trafficking laws depend on how much drugs you possess, but it also will depend on the type of drug. Whenever you possess an amount of drugs over the trafficking limit, you can be convicted of drug trafficking.

Sale, manufacture, and movement

Drug trafficking charges don’t depend on whether you made the drugs, tried to sell them or moved them. Drug trafficking charges happen whether you had the illegal drug in your possession and also if the amount exceeds the limit imposed by the law.

Federal drug trafficking

Federal drug trafficking charges can arise whenever any traffic movement crosses the state lines or involves activity in more than one state.

Drug trafficking penalties

Prison: Drug trafficking convictions for first-time offenders typically result in prison sentences that last over a year. A conviction for trafficking can lead to a sentence of ten years or more. Life sentences are also possible for drug trafficking convictions.

Fines: State trafficking convictions usually come with $25,000 to $100,000 fines. Federal drug trafficking convictions can exceed $10 million.

Probation: People that have been sentenced to probation have to perform specific conditions ordered by the court such as submitting to random drug tests, being monitored by a probation officer, not breaking more laws and not leaving the state without the probation officer’s permission.

Mandatory minimum sentences: Drug trafficking laws often impose mandatory minimum sentences; this means that a person convicted of this crime must serve a specific amount of time and can’t be released on parole until that time has passed.

Drug trafficking charges are very serious, anyone that has been convicted due to this crime can find themselves facing years or decades in prison. The severity of the penalties associated with drug trafficking offenses varies by state, and all states impose significant penalties for drug trafficking. It is recommended contacting professional assessment to obtain legal advice. This video will help you understand better all the factors involved to be convicted of drug trafficking.


How Essential Oils Work Young Living

Sinus infectionEssential oils actually have enhanced the lives of countless individuals all throughout the years. These oils offer enormous benefits ranging from cosmetic, dietary use up to religious and spiritual use. The Young Living Essential Oil has been the forefront when it comes to bringing ancient tradition to numerous modern users and introducing physical, spiritual and emotional wellness which can truly be life changing.

Young Living essential oil was carefully extracted through discreet steam distillation, cold pressing and resin taping. Every time you hold a bottle of Young Living powerful and effective essential oils, you actually hold nature’s purest essence.

Individuals can access the amazing power of essential oils in many different ways, however, the common practices usually include topical application, aromatic diffusion as well as dietary consumption. All these given methods deliver pure essence of ideal health promoting botanicals into your home, family and your life. It is a must that you know the best essential oils for sinus infection and other health conditions.

How this Essential Oil Works

Essential oils work by combating diseases and viruses that is why it is just fair to say that essential oils are vital for the health. These oils are special and pure flower and plant essences with long history of highly curative properties. Another best thing about essential oils is their fresh scents. Essential oils are not really drugs however, individuals can experience amazing benefits delivered by these essential oils.

These oils also work in enhancing individuals’ physical wellness. Lack of proper exercise, poor diet and overabundance of unwanted environmental toxins can affect the energy levels of the body and can leave the body unbalanced. Starting from weight management up to supplemental support, essential oils and other products with essential oils can offer targeted solutions in restoring balances and making you feel best. With pure essential oils, you will feel strong and revived each and every day.

Why Baby Onesies Are Important for the First Weeks

Onesies for newbornWhen a baby is first born, they can be irritated by just about anything. Temperature, fabrics, moisturizers, detergents and so many other things can make the baby break out in red spots or suffer other skin conditions. This is pretty common, and parents have to be careful about everything they put on their child or allow their child to touch. In the early weeks, the child will only be able to touch what the parent allows them to, as they won’t be able to move around much, so it is entirely under the parent’s control to ensure that they don’t touch anything that could irritate them.

One place where some new parents fail is in the kind of clothing they get for their child. As cute as it may be to dress up the baby in dresses, pants and other ensembles, there are lots of little buttons, tags, zippers and whatnot that can irritate the child. It’s best to keep things simple so that nothing touches the child’s skin that will cause them to be irritated.

This is why baby onesies, such as those found at baby onesies are often preferred by new parents for their babies. These clothes are simple and functional. They don’t have a lot of parts to them, making them easy for parents to identify if anything on them would irritate their child.

Onesies are also very easy to slip on and off. They usually have a few snaps or a single zipper, and they speed up the changing process and simplify it immensely. That’s very helpful for new parents who will be changing lots of diapers and trying to come to grips with how to handle their new child. The onesie is so popular because of its functionality and its ease of use, and it makes things less stressful for the parents and baby. The baby spends less time getting its clothes changed and has fewer irritations. The parents can quickly change the child’s clothes without a lot of struggling and not have to think too hard about what their child should wear. After all, the onesie is a single piece garment that covers the whole body, making it a breeze to find an outfit for the day.

The Marketing Tips for Twitter Success Are Easy To Know

We know very well how hard it can be to find dependable information about profit jackpot review, chat with random people and this can help you get rolling in the right direction. It is easy to feel like you want to stop trying when you cannot quite seem to come across vital information. One of the principal issues with so many people is a loss of trust – totally easy to understand when you do not know someone. We do understand those feelings very well in our own research on the net. Well, we want to provide you with a few established points and suggestions about %LINK1% that you can confirm quite easily.

The interesting aspect regarding Twitter is that a lot of small businesses are more or less not sure how to properly use it. While that is true, there are generally solid reasons why any business marketing performs the way it does. Obviously, we can only carry out what we know and understand resting on our current level of information. However, Twitter can seem like the least understood social site, but that does not mean you are not able to understand it or use it to your benefit. If you realize what is occurring and how to be effective, then you can be in a great position for terrific visibility for your business. There are two options for the online marketer at Twitter, and so this means you need to be aware of how to conduct your self there. It is quite simple to produce business mistakes that can certainly tarnish your standing with the Twitter neighborhood, or your followers.

The relative effect of profit jackpot on your situation can be remarkable and cause issues of all kinds. We do recognize very well that your situation is really important and matters a great deal. That is really a good deal when you think about it, so just the briefest moment to mention something. After all we have read, this is timely and powerful information that should be regarded. If you proceed, we know you will not be disappointed with what we have to offer in this article.

If you want to enjoy any kind of chance for success, then you must agree to the necessity of doing actual relationship marketing. You may get to know people who aren’t in your market if you wish. Nevertheless if you are there for business, then you need to network with those people who are in your business market. Perhaps the most important thing you can do is just sort of be regular with other people. Speak mostly about things not related to business, and which means almost anything that is appropriate. Don’t forget, though, that you do have to be aware of yourself and draw the line. By no means be too private because inevitably you are representing yourself and your business.

If you would like to be accepted, and not disregarded, then you must really keep the self-promotion and advertising to a bare minimum. The people at Twitter do not put up with a lot of promoting, even though they understand what is going on. However, you can point out something that will essentially be a promotion, just be tactful regarding how you do it. You really ought to be fine with the people if your promotions are kept below about 20%, and that is just a general guideline. The majority of the time you’d like to indulge in social networking with other people. We all know how effective solid relations are generally with business, so you recognize what needs to be done.

You can frequently see good replies when you share recent goings-on with your own business. All you’ll be doing is almost like a very casual press release, but is simply dealing with any kind of worthwhile news. We all realize that people, usually, can be too curious in news regarding other people. In this same idea of sharing at Twitter, when you reveal a news item it is fine to contain a link to your own business site if it is applicable to the story. But do be sure that you explain to people why you want to share a url to your business site. Remember to network, share and apply restraint with direct marketing and advertising of your business. The amount of facts and content regarding profit jackpot review overwhelms a lot of people when they begin researching it.

These are highly effective points, to be sure, and you can see excellent results as well. It would be mistaken to ever have the idea that the story concludes right here, though. You can take certain points and pieces of essential information and really experience something most people never do. What follows after this is the kind of information that most will probably have no clue about.

Pros and Cons of Wind Energy

Wind energy can be quiet effective on most of the cases but sometimes can be totally ineffective as well. For producing about 600 watt of electricity you will need the wind blowing at 20 miles per hour continuously so that it can rotate the blade which in turn rotates the shaft. Solar Panels Perth But are you sure that you will get such a high speed wind for long enough so that you can produce the right amount of electricity. This is really a very big question mark and you will definitely be in dilemma because you will not be getting so much of wind always. However you will also have to notice the point that the wind energy is free from all kinds of pollution.

I would not like to create confusion but it is well known that the wind energy has its pros as well as cons. Without taking any time I am presenting some of the pros as well as cons of the wind energy below.

Pros Some of the pros are as follows:

1. Well the biggest advantage with the wind energy is that you can produce the electricity at your home with the help of the wind energy. You just require to have enough space and that’s it you can build your own electricity generation system.

2. The second advantage which I can see is the pollution factor. The wind mills are free from all kind of pollutions and you are free for pollutions like air pollution in particular as well as water pollution as done by various thermal power plant. Even the hydro electric power plant has not so much of advantages.

3. The third advantage which I can see is the cost. The cost of producing electricity with the help of wind is quiet low. You can build your own system with the help of just $200 which even a child can afford with his pocket money.

Cons Some of the cons are as below:

1. The biggest drawback of the wind energy is that you need a very high speed wind to produce electricity. For example you will require wind at a speed not less than 20 miles per hour. This is quiet a huge ask. Hence we cannot afford the wind energy in the regions where there is no wind.

2. The second disadvantage which I am seeing is that of greasing. Since most of the parts of the system is moving. Hence you will require the greasing of all the parts, like gears if used as well as the blades so that they require least wind and move on smoothly. Hence there is a maintenance cost which you will have to pay.

These are some of the advantages as well as disadvantages of wind energy. However, I do agree that there are more advantages than disadvantages.

Buying Used Construction Vehicles

When you wish to possess your personal trailer, obtaining a used one may be advisable. Really, purchasing second hands trailers is viewed as the greater solution thinking about that todays economy require us to invest on stuff that tend to be more practical and helpful to purchase. Melbourne paint correction You will find various kinds of used trailers for sale which we are able to use for number of uses. You will find the travel trailers, semi-trailer trucks, open trailers, enclosed trailers, tanker trailers, animals trailers, flatbed trailers, and van semi-trailers. Thinking about these may be used on number of functions, trailers are actually helpful tools for crucial activities.

If you wish to invest on the new trailer or a used bulldozer for example, it is simple to locate them on many websites. Simply because they have different dimensions, structures and kinds, their prices also are the couple of hundred dollars to 1000′s of dollars. However, there are also used trailers available online if you’re a little tight together with your budget. Purchasing second hands devices are always a wise move as lengthy as that which you buy continues to be in top condition.

Much like purchasing another hands vehicle or perhaps a used construction equipment, you have to physically look into the item as considered necessary. Though trailers don?t have engines, you have to still check just of their parts to prevent future repairs this will let you lengthy lasting helpful tool you own. So check for that weak place like the frame, your body, and also the rims from the wheel, roofing, and panes if it features a glass part.

Now, you don?t have to carry along someone to evaluate the product in contrast to purchasing equipment which have engines inside them. However, when the trailer has more difficult part, you are able to request someone that will help you observe it is going and you’ll want experience in looking at inch by inch from the trailer. Always attempt to tug it together with your vehicle and observe its efficiencies and when you will find no indicators of defects.

It is simple to find used trailers available on some including eBay. You will find also websites which are particularly devoted to used equipment and incorporated within their list are utilized trailers of various types. A suggestion though, you are able to take advantage of the dealer that will help you find what you should be searching for inside a trailer. However, always consider getting your trailer under warranty to safeguard yourself like a buyer.

Bedroom Interior Design

There are people who consider their kitchen as the most important part of their home, while there are others who think that their bedrooms are the most vital aspect of their house. Click here to visit FES This is probably because while the kitchen is where the nutrition of the family comes from, the bedroom provides the private space where one can relax and let go of all the cares of the world. If you are one of those people who consider your bedroom as very important, then you should also think about making it a great place to be in, which is where bedroom interior design comes in.

However, many people are daunted by the idea of redesigning their bedrooms, especially master bedrooms, thinking that it will cost them too much. http://www.officefitoutquote.com.au/ They may not realize that getting a bedroom interior that is absolutely resplendent can be achieved without having to spend big bucks. If you are planning of getting a new bedroom interior style, then know that there are many ways for you to be able to do this without spending a fortune.

First off, you can actually change the design of your bedroom’s interior by giving its walls a fresh coat of paint. Take a look at our site You can just choose a paint of your favorite color or you could get a color that matches a bedroom interior theme of your liking. You can adapt an ocean theme, a forest theme or a sunny theme. Remember that the color of your room could very well be a big factor that determines your moods. Because you spend a considerable amount of time in your room, it is best that its color appeals to your senses.

The next thing that you could do is to liven up your bedroom interior d?cor. You can do this by re-upholstering your furniture, instead of buying new ones. This is possible either through using fabrics that are unique and will go well with the design of your bedroom’s interior that you want to achieve. You can even go with repainting them to match the new paint job that you did on your wall. Keep in mind that your room’s design will never be fully complete if you will not do something to make your furniture complement it.

For a more relaxed and elegant ambiance, you can light some candles in your room. You could also place some artwork that will go with the design theme that you have come up with. There are many places now where you can buy interestingly unique items that could adorn your walls or even your shelves. You can go to stores that sell second-hand items or to garage sales to get that item that will add just the perfect touch to your bedroom.

Just remember that in getting the best bedroom interior design, there is really no need for you to spend a lot of cash. You can accomplish a lot if you will just let your creative juices flow. It will also help if you have the love to scrounge for great bargains, especially when it comes to interesting items that may go well with your bedroom’s spanking new design.

Bedroom interior design ideas are plentiful. You will need to be willing to put the effort to turn your ideas into fruition whether it is the master bedroom or one of the kids rooms.

Intellectual Property Rights, Generic Drugs and Africa Health

Africa has the majority of people in the world who live on less than a dollar a day. Click here to Buy Kapake 30mg/500mg Tablets from NHS Heroes in the UK It is also where 11 percent of the world’s people live and has 25 percent of the world’s disease burden. In addition, per capita public health spending is very low ( as low as $50) compared to countries such as the United States where public health spending is about $7,000 per person.

Considering the heavy burden of diseases and the low public health spending, it is critical that the meager resources cast a wide net to reach as many people as possible. This has been made possible through the use of generic drugs. For example, within the last decade the price of AIDS treatment fell from $10,000 to $100 per year per person due to the availability of generic anti-retrovirals which created a public health revolution by allowing millions of poor people to access these lifesaving drugs.
Recently, the Obama administration placed India in its trade black list after some Courts in that country made a ruling allowing some generic versions of expensive drugs. The Office of the US trade Representative in its Special 301 Report objected to some aspects of India’s Patent system. Although placement of the list may not attract much attention and may have little impact, it is a bullying tactic that has a chilling effect on any nation that seeks to produce generic drugs.

Indian courts ruled in one of two cases – that the production (compulsory licensing) of a generic alternative to Never, a cancer drug, which is patented by German drug maker Bayer AG and costs over $5,000 a month for a standard dose – way too high to be affordable, while a generic version cost $157. Still, under the ruling Bayer gets 6 percent of the royalty on the sales of the generic drug.
In July 2012, a representative of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office called this decision an “egregious” World Trade Organization (WTO) violation as it was not being manufactured in India. It is worth noting that compulsory licensing of generic versions is protected by WTO treaties when its goal is to improve public health.

While it is understandable that Research and Development (R&D) for drugs is expensive as are the regulations, pricing the drugs at $5,000 a month puts is out of reach for too many people and thus the push for generics can be expected. And, considering that the generics are available at $157 a month in India, there should be room for an agreement.

In a second case, India ruled against a patent filed for an updated version of a cancer drug Glevec manufactured by the Swiss pharmaceutical Novartis. The court argued that the newer version did not constitute a new breakthrough worthy of monopoly pricing power. This is one of the strategies that some pharmaceuticals use known as “evergreening”- basically making a very minor upgrade, such as changing one molecule to an existing medication and then request for patent that extends monopolies beyond the standard 20-year period. The Obama administration objected to the ruling saying that it “may have the effect of limiting the patentability of potentially beneficial innovations”. As a result of the India’s court’s ruling Glevec costs ten times less in India as it costs in South Africa.

Incredibly, some African countries are being pushed to pass anti-generic druglaws – making it harder to produce or import them into their countries despite the obvious benefits of these low priced versions for resource poor settings. For example, Kenya has already ratified an anti-generic drug law that will force its people to buy drugs that are ten times more expensive but not more effective than generics. Camouflaged as an anti-counterfeit law it makes it possible for generics drugs exported from any country which are patented anywhere else to be classified as counterfeit if the patent holder raises an objection. Uganda and Zambia are also under pressure to pass similar laws. Indeed, India has been sensitizing African health ministers to resist pressure to prohibit generic versions of drugs.
Considering the fact that Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) such as cancer are becoming a major problem in Sub Saharan Africa and will surpass communicable diseases (malaria and AIDS) as leading causes of death in the next decade, availability of treatment for NCDs such as cancers are of immense importance to the continent. In addition, the fate of India is linked to that of African countries which have limited capacity to produce generics of their own; South Africa is the only country that produces active pharmaceutical ingredients mostly of non-specialist drugs.

It is to be noted that India’s generic drug industry has been a major factor in increasing access of various treatments to the poor. In the early 2000s, treatment for AIDS was totally non existent in poor countries until the Indian generic drug manufacturing came into existence. Even the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief has been able to expand its treatment greatly through the use of cheaper generic drugs.

However, some pricing obstacles still remain, especially for second line treatments. For example, the combination treatment Lopinavir + ritonavir manufactured by Chicago based Abbott which is a key component of many AIDS treatment is priced at $400 in poor countries and as much as $1,000 – $4,000 in middle income countries. This has meant that prices of second line treatments remain high.

It is worth noting that the US and Big Pharmaceuticals are pushing for stricter intellectual property. In Paragraph 6 of the “Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health” adopted by WTO members signed in 2002, it was agreed that the poorest countries should have access to generics of life saving drugs.
However, the eventual “diluted” Paragraph 6, agreed to in July 2003 due to delays occasioned by US government inflexibility, the conditions were such that the amendment did not provide the anticipated feasible solution. Efforts to amend Article 31 of TRIPS in 2005 to offer a straight forward solution met resistance. Enforcement of TRIPS (Trade related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) standards through the WTO and the Doha round due in Bali in December 2013 would remove the ability to resort to generics. So, for Africa’s health sake we are rooting for the coming Doha round to fail.

While it is important to have policies that balance medical innovation it is also vital to ensure that essential global health challenges are addressed through a generic market. While Obama administration emphasizes consumer affordability in its domestic posture such as in related to the Affordable Care Act, it seems to be turning the a blind eye when it comes to its posture abroad. Its laudable goal of an “AIDS Free Generation” will be impeded by patent monopolies and high treatment costs.

Impacts of Stress on Metabolism

As the holidays approach, one can feel stress on the rise (with family coming around, more eating, traveling, and remembering loved ones who have passed). https://www.positivehealthwellness.com/ This is a time when people should learn how to control their stress.

Exercise is not only effective to look good, but it also works wonders on mitigating the effects of chronic stress.

Stress is something that all individuals experience, in which cortisol (a hormone) is produced to respond acutely to events and circumstances.

Normal Stress Response

An individual is faced with a stressor.
A complex hormonal cascade ensues, and the adrenals secrete cortisol.
Cortisol prepares the body for a fight-or-flight response by flooding it with glucose, supplying an immediate energy source to large muscles.
Cortisol inhibits insulin production in an attempt to prevent glucose from being stored, favoring its immediate use.
Cortisol narrows the arteries while the epinephrine increases heart rate, both of which force blood to pump harder and faster.
The individual addresses and resolves the situation.
Hormone levels return to normal

The problem is that we are ever-stressed, have a fast-paced lifestyle, which causes our bodies to pump out cortisol almost constantly, which can wreak havoc on our health. Cortisol is one of the main perpetrators that leads to specific physiological damage.

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